Polish economist, former deputy finance minister. He was a co-founder of the so-called Balcerowicz’s plan. In 1994-2002 he was the strategy director and head of advisors at Bank Handlowy. In the years 2002-2003 he was the vice president of the board of Commercial Union Polska, and from July 2003 to June 2006, he was the director of strategy for the PZU group. From 2008, the president of the board of the limited liability company Capital Strategy. He cooperates with the Center for Socio-Economic Analysis, he also advised the Civic Platform in economic matters.